# Math-Magic Tree empty

by Yu · Published · Updated

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- The Trick of a Mathematical Game. The One’s Digit of the Sum of Two Numbers. Decipher the trick of the following mathematical magic. The Rule of the Game Here is the game. Pick six natural numbers ($1, 2, 3, \dots$) and place them in the yellow discs of the picture below. For example, let's say I have chosen the numbers $7, 5, 3, 2, […]
- True or False. The Intersection of Bases is a Basis of the Intersection of Subspaces Determine whether the following is true or false. If it is true, then give a proof. If it is false, then give a counterexample. Let $W_1$ and $W_2$ be subspaces of the vector space $\R^n$. If $B_1$ and $B_2$ are bases for $W_1$ and $W_2$, respectively, then $B_1\cap B_2$ is a […]
- Two Matrices are Nonsingular if and only if the Product is Nonsingular An $n\times n$ matrix $A$ is called nonsingular if the only vector $\mathbf{x}\in \R^n$ satisfying the equation $A\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{0}$ is $\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{0}$. Using the definition of a nonsingular matrix, prove the following statements. (a) If $A$ and $B$ are $n\times […]
- How to Find the Determinant of the $3\times 3$ Matrix Find the determinant of the matix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 100 & 101 & 102 \\ 101 &102 &103 \\ 102 & 103 & 104 \end{bmatrix}.\] Solution. Note that the determinant does not change if the $i$-th row is added by a scalar multiple of the $j$-th row if $i \neq […]
- Two Subspaces Intersecting Trivially, and the Direct Sum of Vector Spaces. Let $V$ and $W$ be subspaces of $\R^n$ such that $V \cap W =\{\mathbf{0}\}$ and $\dim(V)+\dim(W)=n$. (a) If $\mathbf{v}+\mathbf{w}=\mathbf{0}$, where $\mathbf{v}\in V$ and $\mathbf{w}\in W$, then show that $\mathbf{v}=\mathbf{0}$ and $\mathbf{w}=\mathbf{0}$. (b) If $B_1$ is a […]
- Quiz 8. Determine Subsets are Subspaces: Functions Taking Integer Values / Set of Skew-Symmetric Matrices (a) Let $C[-1,1]$ be the vector space over $\R$ of all real-valued continuous functions defined on the interval $[-1, 1]$. Consider the subset $F$ of $C[-1, 1]$ defined by \[F=\{ f(x)\in C[-1, 1] \mid f(0) \text{ is an integer}\}.\] Prove or disprove that $F$ is a subspace of […]
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- If Two Subsets $A, B$ of a Finite Group $G$ are Large Enough, then $G=AB$ Let $G$ be a finite group and let $A, B$ be subsets of $G$ satisfying \[|A|+|B| > |G|.\] Here $|X|$ denotes the cardinality (the number of elements) of the set $X$. Then prove that $G=AB$, where \[AB=\{ab \mid a\in A, b\in B\}.\] Proof. Since $A, B$ […]