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Stanford University Linear Algebra Exam Problems and Solutions


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  • Find a Value of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$Find a Value of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$ Let $T:\R^2 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation such that $T(\mathbf{e}_1)=\mathbf{u}_1$ and $T(\mathbf{e}_2)=\mathbf{u}_2$, where $\mathbf{e}_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{e}_2=\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}$ are unit vectors of $\R^2$ and […]
  • Differentiation is a Linear TransformationDifferentiation is a Linear Transformation Let $P_3$ be the vector space of polynomials of degree $3$ or less with real coefficients. (a) Prove that the differentiation is a linear transformation. That is, prove that the map $T:P_3 \to P_3$ defined by \[T\left(\, f(x) \,\right)=\frac{d}{dx} f(x)\] for any $f(x)\in […]
  • Find an Orthonormal Basis of the Given Two Dimensional Vector SpaceFind an Orthonormal Basis of the Given Two Dimensional Vector Space Let $W$ be a subspace of $\R^4$ with a basis \[\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} \,\right\}.\] Find an orthonormal basis of $W$. (The Ohio State […]
  • Powers of a Diagonal MatrixPowers of a Diagonal Matrix Let $A=\begin{bmatrix} a & 0\\ 0& b \end{bmatrix}$. Show that (1) $A^n=\begin{bmatrix} a^n & 0\\ 0& b^n \end{bmatrix}$ for any $n \in \N$. (2) Let $B=S^{-1}AS$, where $S$ be an invertible $2 \times 2$ matrix. Show that $B^n=S^{-1}A^n S$ for any $n \in […]
  • Find All 3 by 3 Reduced Row Echelon Form Matrices of Rank 1 and 2Find All 3 by 3 Reduced Row Echelon Form Matrices of Rank 1 and 2 (a) Find all $3 \times 3$ matrices which are in reduced row echelon form and have rank 1. (b) Find all such matrices with rank 2.   Solution. (a) Find all $3 \times 3$ matrices which are in reduced row echelon form and have rank 1. First we look at the rank 1 case. […]
  • A Basis for the Vector Space of Polynomials of Degree Two or Less and Coordinate VectorsA Basis for the Vector Space of Polynomials of Degree Two or Less and Coordinate Vectors Show that the set \[S=\{1, 1-x, 3+4x+x^2\}\] is a basis of the vector space $P_2$ of all polynomials of degree $2$ or less.   Proof. We know that the set $B=\{1, x, x^2\}$ is a basis for the vector space $P_2$. With respect to this basis $B$, the coordinate […]
  • Find All Values of $a$ which Will Guarantee that $A$ Has Eigenvalues 0, 3, and -3.Find All Values of $a$ which Will Guarantee that $A$ Has Eigenvalues 0, 3, and -3. Let $A$ be the matrix given by \[ A= \begin{bmatrix} -2 & 0 & 1 \\ -5 & 3 & a \\ 4 & -2 & -1 \end{bmatrix} \] for some variable $a$. Find all values of $a$ which will guarantee that $A$ has eigenvalues $0$, $3$, and $-3$.   Solution. Let $p(t)$ be the […]
  • The Vector $S^{-1}\mathbf{v}$ is the Coordinate Vector of $\mathbf{v}$The Vector $S^{-1}\mathbf{v}$ is the Coordinate Vector of $\mathbf{v}$ Suppose that $B=\{\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2\}$ is a basis for $\R^2$. Let $S:=[\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2]$. Note that as the column vectors of $S$ are linearly independent, the matrix $S$ is invertible. Prove that for each vector $\mathbf{v} \in V$, the vector […]

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