number2018

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Mathematics about the number 2018


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  • Inner Product, Norm, and Orthogonal VectorsInner Product, Norm, and Orthogonal Vectors Let $\mathbf{u}_1, \mathbf{u}_2, \mathbf{u}_3$ are vectors in $\R^n$. Suppose that vectors $\mathbf{u}_1$, $\mathbf{u}_2$ are orthogonal and the norm of $\mathbf{u}_2$ is $4$ and $\mathbf{u}_2^{\trans}\mathbf{u}_3=7$. Find the value of the real number $a$ in […]
  • A Group of Linear FunctionsA Group of Linear Functions Define the functions $f_{a,b}(x)=ax+b$, where $a, b \in \R$ and $a>0$. Show that $G:=\{ f_{a,b} \mid a, b \in \R, a>0\}$ is a group . The group operation is function composition. Steps. Check one by one the followings. The group operation on $G$ is […]
  • Quiz 8. Determine Subsets are Subspaces: Functions Taking Integer Values / Set of Skew-Symmetric MatricesQuiz 8. Determine Subsets are Subspaces: Functions Taking Integer Values / Set of Skew-Symmetric Matrices (a) Let $C[-1,1]$ be the vector space over $\R$ of all real-valued continuous functions defined on the interval $[-1, 1]$. Consider the subset $F$ of $C[-1, 1]$ defined by \[F=\{ f(x)\in C[-1, 1] \mid f(0) \text{ is an integer}\}.\] Prove or disprove that $F$ is a subspace of […]
  • Find the Nullity of the Matrix $A+I$ if Eigenvalues are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$Find the Nullity of the Matrix $A+I$ if Eigenvalues are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$ Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix. Its only eigenvalues are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$, possibly with multiplicities. What is the nullity of the matrix $A+I_n$, where $I_n$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix? (The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Final Exam […]
  • If the Localization is Noetherian for All Prime Ideals, Is the Ring Noetherian?If the Localization is Noetherian for All Prime Ideals, Is the Ring Noetherian? Let $R$ be a commutative ring with $1$. Suppose that the localization $R_{\mathfrak{p}}$ is a Noetherian ring for every prime ideal $\mathfrak{p}$ of $R$. Is it true that $A$ is also a Noetherian ring?   Proof. The answer is no. We give a counterexample. Let […]
  • Calculate Determinants of MatricesCalculate Determinants of Matrices Calculate the determinants of the following $n\times n$ matrices. \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 &1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \vdots & \vdots […]
  • Matrices Satisfying the Relation $HE-EH=2E$Matrices Satisfying the Relation $HE-EH=2E$ Let $H$ and $E$ be $n \times n$ matrices satisfying the relation \[HE-EH=2E.\] Let $\lambda$ be an eigenvalue of the matrix $H$ such that the real part of $\lambda$ is the largest among the eigenvalues of $H$. Let $\mathbf{x}$ be an eigenvector corresponding to $\lambda$. Then […]
  • Determine a 2-Digit Number Satisfying Two ConditionsDetermine a 2-Digit Number Satisfying Two Conditions A 2-digit number has two properties: The digits sum to 11, and if the number is written with digits reversed, and subtracted from the original number, the result is 45. Find the number.   Solution. The key to this problem is noticing that our 2-digit number can be […]

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