True of False Problems on Determinants and Invertible Matrices
Determine whether each of the following statements is True or False.
(a) If $A$ and $B$ are $n \times n$ matrices, and $P$ is an invertible $n \times n$ matrix such that $A=PBP^{-1}$, then $\det(A)=\det(B)$.
(b) If the characteristic polynomial of an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ […]

Two Matrices with the Same Characteristic Polynomial. Diagonalize if Possible.
Let
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 3 & 3 \\
-3 &-5 &-3 \\
3 & 3 & 1
\end{bmatrix} \text{ and } B=\begin{bmatrix}
2 & 4 & 3 \\
-4 &-6 &-3 \\
3 & 3 & 1
\end{bmatrix}.\]
For this problem, you may use the fact that both matrices have the same characteristic […]

Given Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues, Compute a Matrix Product (Stanford University Exam)
Suppose that $\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}$ is an eigenvector of a matrix $A$ corresponding to the eigenvalue $3$ and that $\begin{bmatrix}
2 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}$ is an eigenvector of $A$ corresponding to the eigenvalue $-2$.
Compute $A^2\begin{bmatrix}
4 […]

Idempotent Matrices. 2007 University of Tokyo Entrance Exam Problem
For a real number $a$, consider $2\times 2$ matrices $A, P, Q$ satisfying the following five conditions.
$A=aP+(a+1)Q$
$P^2=P$
$Q^2=Q$
$PQ=O$
$QP=O$,
where $O$ is the $2\times 2$ zero matrix.
Then do the following problems.
(a) Prove that […]

If the Kernel of a Matrix $A$ is Trivial, then $A^T A$ is Invertible
Let $A$ be an $m \times n$ real matrix.
Then the kernel of $A$ is defined as $\ker(A)=\{ x\in \R^n \mid Ax=0 \}$.
The kernel is also called the null space of $A$.
Suppose that $A$ is an $m \times n$ real matrix such that $\ker(A)=0$. Prove that $A^{\trans}A$ is […]

Is an Eigenvector of a Matrix an Eigenvector of its Inverse?
Suppose that $A$ is an $n \times n$ matrix with eigenvalue $\lambda$ and corresponding eigenvector $\mathbf{v}$.
(a) If $A$ is invertible, is $\mathbf{v}$ an eigenvector of $A^{-1}$? If so, what is the corresponding eigenvalue? If not, explain why not.
(b) Is $3\mathbf{v}$ an […]

Diagonalizable Matrix with Eigenvalue 1, -1
Suppose that $A$ is a diagonalizable $n\times n$ matrix and has only $1$ and $-1$ as eigenvalues.
Show that $A^2=I_n$, where $I_n$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix.
(Stanford University Linear Algebra Exam)
See below for a generalized problem.
Hint.
Diagonalize the […]

Quiz 4: Inverse Matrix/ Nonsingular Matrix Satisfying a Relation
(a) Find the inverse matrix of
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 0 & 1 \\
1 &0 &0 \\
2 & 1 & 1
\end{bmatrix}\]
if it exists. If you think there is no inverse matrix of $A$, then give a reason.
(b) Find a nonsingular $2\times 2$ matrix $A$ such that
\[A^3=A^2B-3A^2,\]
where […]

A complex matrix is called unitary if $\overline{A}^{\trans} A=I$. The inner product $(\mathbf{x}, \mathbf{y})$ of complex vector $\mathbf{x}$, $\mathbf{y}$ is...

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