Is the Trace of the Transposed Matrix the Same as the Trace of the Matrix?
Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ matrix.
Is it true that $\tr ( A^\trans ) = \tr(A)$? If it is true, prove it. If not, give a counterexample.
Solution.
The answer is true. Recall that the transpose of a matrix is the sum of its diagonal entries. Also, note that the […]

Matrix Operations with Transpose
Calculate the following expressions, using the following matrices:
\[A = \begin{bmatrix} 2 & 3 \\ -5 & 1 \end{bmatrix}, \qquad B = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1 \\ 1 & -1 \end{bmatrix}, \qquad \mathbf{v} = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ -4 \end{bmatrix}\]
(a) $A B^\trans + \mathbf{v} […]

Find the Inverse Matrix of a Matrix With Fractions
Find the inverse matrix of the matrix
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
\frac{2}{7} & \frac{3}{7} & \frac{6}{7} \\[6 pt]
\frac{6}{7} &\frac{2}{7} &-\frac{3}{7} \\[6pt]
-\frac{3}{7} & \frac{6}{7} & -\frac{2}{7}
\end{bmatrix}.\]
Hint.
You may use the augmented matrix […]

Find the Distance Between Two Vectors if the Lengths and the Dot Product are Given
Let $\mathbf{a}$ and $\mathbf{b}$ be vectors in $\R^n$ such that their length are
\[\|\mathbf{a}\|=\|\mathbf{b}\|=1\]
and the inner product
\[\mathbf{a}\cdot \mathbf{b}=\mathbf{a}^{\trans}\mathbf{b}=-\frac{1}{2}.\]
Then determine the length $\|\mathbf{a}-\mathbf{b}\|$.
(Note […]

Construction of a Symmetric Matrix whose Inverse Matrix is Itself
Let $\mathbf{v}$ be a nonzero vector in $\R^n$.
Then the dot product $\mathbf{v}\cdot \mathbf{v}=\mathbf{v}^{\trans}\mathbf{v}\neq 0$.
Set $a:=\frac{2}{\mathbf{v}^{\trans}\mathbf{v}}$ and define the $n\times n$ matrix $A$ by
\[A=I-a\mathbf{v}\mathbf{v}^{\trans},\]
where […]

Trace of the Inverse Matrix of a Finite Order Matrix
Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix such that $A^k=I_n$, where $k\in \N$ and $I_n$ is the $n \times n$ identity matrix.
Show that the trace of $(A^{-1})^{\trans}$ is the conjugate of the trace of $A$. That is, show that […]

Rotation Matrix in Space and its Determinant and Eigenvalues
For a real number $0\leq \theta \leq \pi$, we define the real $3\times 3$ matrix $A$ by
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
\cos\theta & -\sin\theta & 0 \\
\sin\theta &\cos\theta &0 \\
0 & 0 & 1
\end{bmatrix}.\]
(a) Find the determinant of the matrix $A$.
(b) Show that $A$ is an […]

Let $\mathbf{v}$ and $\mathbf{w}$ be two $n \times 1$ column vectors. (a) Prove that $\mathbf{v}^\trans \mathbf{w} = \mathbf{w}^\trans \mathbf{v}$. (b)...