# field-theory-2

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- Two Quotients Groups are Abelian then Intersection Quotient is Abelian Let $K, N$ be normal subgroups of a group $G$. Suppose that the quotient groups $G/K$ and $G/N$ are both abelian groups. Then show that the group \[G/(K \cap N)\] is also an abelian group. Hint. We use the following fact to prove the problem. Lemma: For a […]
- The Vector Space Consisting of All Traceless Diagonal Matrices Let $V$ be the set of all $n \times n$ diagonal matrices whose traces are zero. That is, \begin{equation*} V:=\left\{ A=\begin{bmatrix} a_{11} & 0 & \dots & 0 \\ 0 &a_{22} & \dots & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & \ddots & \vdots \\ 0 & 0 & \dots & […]
- If Squares of Elements in a Group Lie in a Subgroup, then It is a Normal Subgroup Let $H$ be a subgroup of a group $G$. Suppose that for each element $x\in G$, we have $x^2\in H$. Then prove that $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$. (Purdue University, Abstract Algebra Qualifying Exam) Proof. To show that $H$ is a normal subgroup of […]
- Determine Conditions on Scalars so that the Set of Vectors is Linearly Dependent Determine conditions on the scalars $a, b$ so that the following set $S$ of vectors is linearly dependent. \begin{align*} S=\{\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2, \mathbf{v}_3\}, \end{align*} where \[\mathbf{v}_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 3 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}, […]
- Show the Subset of the Vector Space of Polynomials is a Subspace and Find its Basis Let $P_3$ be the vector space over $\R$ of all degree three or less polynomial with real number coefficient. Let $W$ be the following subset of $P_3$. \[W=\{p(x) \in P_3 \mid p'(-1)=0 \text{ and } p^{\prime\prime}(1)=0\}.\] Here $p'(x)$ is the first derivative of $p(x)$ and […]
- Is there an Odd Matrix Whose Square is $-I$? Let $n$ be an odd positive integer. Determine whether there exists an $n \times n$ real matrix $A$ such that \[A^2+I=O,\] where $I$ is the $n \times n$ identity matrix and $O$ is the $n \times n$ zero matrix. If such a matrix $A$ exists, find an example. If not, prove that […]
- Polynomial $x^4-2x-1$ is Irreducible Over the Field of Rational Numbers $\Q$ Show that the polynomial \[f(x)=x^4-2x-1\] is irreducible over the field of rational numbers $\Q$. Proof. We use the fact that $f(x)$ is irreducible over $\Q$ if and only if $f(x+a)$ is irreducible for any $a\in \Q$. We prove that the polynomial $f(x+1)$ is […]
- Difference Between Ring Homomorphisms and Module Homomorphisms Let $R$ be a ring with $1$ and consider $R$ as a module over itself. (a) Determine whether every module homomorphism $\phi:R\to R$ is a ring homomorphism. (b) Determine whether every ring homomorphism $\phi: R\to R$ is a module homomorphism. (c) If $\phi:R\to R$ is both a […]